Babywearing Basics 背戴宝宝「入门篇」

[:en]1. What is babywearing?

Babywearing is essentially carrying your baby in a carrier that provides structure and support so that you aren’t worn out and have your hands free, whilst keeping baby close and comforted. Babywearing is a traditional means of carrying babies in many cultures and is now coming back into vogue as more parents look for ways to keep their baby comfortably close.

 

2. What types of carriers are there?

There is a large range of carriers in the market.  Popular ones include ring slings, stretchy wraps, woven wraps and soft structured carriers (SSCs).

 

3. Does my baby have to be a certain age to be worn?

Babies can (and should!) be worn from birth if you use the appropriate carriers for each stage. Wraps (woven and stretchy), ring slings, and correctly-sized Mei Tais are recommended for babies who do not have proper neck control and can’t sit up yet.

bw newborn positionA suitable carrier for a newborn allows the baby’s posture to:

  • be in a natural spread-squat position
  • be in the natural c-shaped spine position
  • have his neck supported with the head positioned naturally on the wearer’s chest
  • have his hands under the chin

 

4. What carrier should I choose?

Your baby’s age should be the primary factor in determining how best to carry him.  Other considerations include:

  • Versatility or convenience?
  • Material (depending on weather)
  • Budget

If possible, you should try out as many carriers as possible to learn what works best for you and our baby. Some parents find that they progress to different carriers at each stage or use a few types for various situations (e.g. duration of trip, co-wearing, breastfeeding on the go)

 

5. Which carriers are good for breastfeeding?

Most carriers are suitable; it’s all up to personal preference. Do note that babywearing and breastfeeding are two separate skills – you have to be comfortable with both before trying to combine them. It’s also worth practising in the comfort and privacy of your own home before trying to do so outside.

 

6. How can I safely babywear in hot/cold weather?

In hot weather, dress yourself and your baby lightly. Some SSCs have mesh panels to make them more airy. For ring slings and woven wraps especially, choose a lighter weight fabric (taking note that the strength and grip may not be as good as a thicker one) or use a carry with a single layer.

In cold weather, take care not to over-dress – remember that baby will be drawing body heat from you, so he may not need such thick clothes. If you’re doing a front carry, try wearing a large coat that can wrap around the baby as well. Don’t forget a hat and warm socks/shoes for the baby! Wraps made from thicker materials help, and multi-layer carries let you bundle up your baby for more warmth. If you spend a lot of time in a cold climate, it might be worth investing in a wool blend.

 

7. My baby likes to see the world; can I forward-face her?

baby spine developmentBabies whose spines are still developing should not carried in a forward-facing position, as this position is not ergonomic and does not support their spines. If your baby has hip dysplasia, DO NOT use a forward-facing carry, as this will worsen the problem. 
If your baby has finished spinal development (she should be walking steadily unaided, usually by around 12-18 months), then carrying her in a forward-facing position is safe. However, do consider the following issues first: Babies are naturally curious, so it’s common for them to be turning to look at the world. It’s important to remember, however, that even the most outgoing baby will also constantly look back to her caregivers for validation and security. A forward-facing position makes this hard for your baby, which could stress her out. It may also be overstimulating, though this depends on the individual baby. It’s also harder for you to see your baby’s face, and respond to her cues. And finally, a forward-facing carry – which isn’t ergonomic – will place strain on both you and your baby if worn over a long period of time.

If you do decide on front-carrying, try to limit it for short stretches of time to reduce the strain on yourself and your baby. Wanting to face forward is also often a temporary phase with babies, so do check regularly to see if your baby is ready to go back to a front inward-facing position.

 

8. Can I use a hipseat for my baby?
Hipseats can be safely used as a babywearing aid for older children who have completed their spinal development – the child should be walking steadily unaided (usually by around 12-18 months). However, hipseats are not recommended for babies and toddlers who cannot walk steadily yet, as they do not support your baby’s developing spine.

Hipseats can be safely used with older children. If you find that it’s comfortable for you, use it as long as you like! Some parents, however, may find that it causes strain to the wearer as it’s not an ergonomic design.


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1. 什么是背戴宝宝?

背戴宝宝 (Babywearing)基本上是用背巾背带背着宝宝 – 背巾背带能提供支撑,让家长在不容易疲惫的同时,保持双手自由。 背戴宝宝在许多国家原本是背宝宝的传统方法,但随着现代父母们不停地寻找适合宝宝和自己的背巾,背戴宝宝也渐渐地重新流行起来。 

 

2. 背巾的类型有哪些?

背巾的种类繁多。近来流行的有:有环背巾(Ring Sling)、无环弹性背巾(Stretchy wrap)、无环编织背巾(Woven Wrap)、软结构式背带(Soft-structured carrier) 等。

 

3. 我的宝宝是否必须至少是某个年龄?

不需要!只要背巾的大小适宜,宝宝无论是什么年龄都能安全使用,即使是刚出生的宝宝也一样。当宝宝的颈部肌肉仍未成熟,无法支撑头部时,最适合的背巾为有环背巾和无环背巾。如果你喜欢软结构式背带,我们建议你尝试一个大小能调节的背带。任何软结构式背带的使用都应该按照说明书的指示。
bw newborn position适合的背巾应该让新生儿维持以下的姿势:

  • “小青蛙”双脚张开、半蹲的自然姿势 
  • 脊椎呈自然“C”型
  • 头自然地靠在你胸前,让脖子有足够的支撑
  • 双手在颏下

 

4. 我应该怎么选择背巾背带?

你应该考虑宝宝的年龄,并选择最适合的背巾或软结构式背带。你也可以根据自己的身高和体重,挑选背巾的大小。
你应该考虑的问题有:

  • 你喜欢背巾的多功能性,还是软结构式背带提供的便利?
  • 你的宝宝是否容易出汗?较厚的材质可能不适合。
  • 你的预算是多少?

建议你可以尝试不同的背巾以了解哪一种类更加适合你和宝宝。

 

5. 哪些背巾背带适合母乳喂养?

大多数背巾都适合; 这取决于个人喜好。背戴宝宝和母乳喂养是两种不同的技能,建议你分别熟悉各样技能再尝试背着宝宝喂母乳。你也能在第一次和宝宝出外之前在家里先尝试。

 

6. 要如何在炎热或寒冷的天气下安全地使用背巾?

在炎热的天气下,让自己和宝宝穿得凉爽些,尽量寻找用轻质透气布料制作的衣服和背巾。软结构式背带一般是透风的,有的还配透气网布,让你和宝宝感觉更舒适凉爽。如果你使用的是背巾,除了合适的材质,你也能选择单层的背巾。 
在寒冷的天气里背戴宝宝,他会从你身上取暖,所以宝宝通常不需要太过厚实的衣服。如果你把宝宝抱在身前,你能考虑穿一件较宽大的外衣,捂住宝宝。千万别忘了宝宝暖和的帽子、袜子和鞋子!冬天使用的背巾应该由较厚的布料制成。多层的背巾也能让你的宝宝更温暖。如果天气特别寒冷,你不妨考虑羊毛混纺织成的背巾。



7. 我的宝宝喜欢看世界…背着宝宝时能让他面向前吗?

baby spine development脊骨仍处于发展阶段的宝宝不应该以面向前的姿势背着,因为这个位置不符合人体工程学,无法给脊椎提供适合的支撑。尤其是背着宝宝活动时,宝宝会不自主地往前倾,且必须随着我们身体的摆动,不断调整自身的平衡,对于发育中的脊椎会造成不必要的压力。如果你的宝宝有髋关节发育不良 (developmental dysplasia of the hip),请别让宝宝面向前,因为这个姿势可能恶化病情。

如果你的宝宝已经完成脊柱发育(能够独自行走,大约12至18个月大),那面向前的姿势是安全的。然而,请首先考​​虑以下几点:

  • 宝宝天生好奇,所以他们喜欢转身看世界。但是要记住,最活泼外向的宝宝仍会因为需要安全感而不断地回头看你。面向前的位置,会让宝宝看不到你,并产生焦虑感。这个位置也会使有些宝宝被眼前看到的事物过度地刺激
  • 你不能轻易地看见宝宝的脸,所以和宝宝的互动会是困难的
  • 面向前的姿势对你和宝宝来说都不符合人体工程学。如果维持过长的时间,这将对你和宝宝造成过度的操劳。

建议你不要长时间使用面向前的姿势,以减少给自己和宝宝造成的压力。想要面向前看着世界往往只是宝宝成长过程中一个暂时的阶段,所以一定要不时看看你宝宝是否已经愿意回到面朝内的位置。

 

8. 我是否可以使用婴儿座垫式腰带 (Hipseats)?

c-spine婴儿座垫式背带因为不能给仍在发展中的脊椎提供支撑,所以不推荐用于还不能行走的宝宝。婴儿的身体由背至大腿呈自然的C形(称“胎姿”),利用座垫式背带会促使宝宝不自然地挺直脊椎,让还在发育的脊椎承受不必要的压力。座垫式背带适合给已经完成脊椎发育的孩子,能独自平稳地行走(大约12至18个月大)。年龄较大的儿童都能够安全使用座垫式背带。如果你觉得座垫式背带适合你,尽管使用它!然而,一些父母可能会发现,座垫式背带不符合人体工程学的设计会让他们觉得辛苦。如果你也遇到同样的情况,我们建议减少使用座垫式背带的时间。

 

 


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